The Accountants Act, 1992 prescribes the following as the functions of the Institute:
To regulate and maintain standard of accountancy in the country; and
To prescribe or regulate the conduct of accountants in Uganda.
The Institute is governed by a Council of eleven members, three of which are ex-Officio members and the rest are elected members. Council is assisted by nine committees; two statutory committee, the examinations Board – The Public Accountants Examinations Board (PAEB) and the Disciplinary and Ethics Committee. Seven other committees, namely;
- Education Committee.
- Events Management Committee.
- Marketing Committee
- Technical Committee.
- Members’ Services Committee
- Finance & Administration Committee.
- Planning & Development.
The day-to-day management of the Institute is conducted by a full time secretariat which is headed by the Secretary of the Institute /Chief Executive Officer, who is appointed by the council.